What Is Anger and How to Manage It

anger Management What is anger

Anger is a natural emotion that involves a strong feeling of annoyance, displeasure, hostility, or aggression. While occasionally it is normal, unmanaged anger can negatively impact relationships, health, and quality of life. Effective anger management starts with identifying personal anger triggers and warning signs.

Helpful techniques include taking time to cool off, controlling impulsive reactions, changing negative thinking, and finding healthy outlets like exercise. Learning to communicate feelings assertively, compromise, and problem-solve can also greatly reduce anger and conflict. With self-awareness and practice of positive coping strategies, anger can become easier to control.

What is anger

Anger is a natural though sometimes unwanted or irrational emotion that everyone experiences from time to time. It is what we call a secondary emotion – it’s a response to other emotions.

Causes of Anger

The majority of times when you’re angry – like in traffic or at your boss, coworkers or family – it’s because you feel as though you’ve lost control over certain things in your life.

Physical and Mental Effects of Anger

Anger is detrimental to both your physical and mental health. It can weaken your immune system, increase your risk of heart attack, and worsen feelings of anxiety and depression. It is also one of the most common relapse triggers.

Common Triggers of Anger


Feeling that a situation is unfair can quickly lead to anger.

Feeling Disrespected

When someone fails to show you basic respect, anger often follows.

Being Blamed

If you feel wrongly accused, you may react with anger.

Feeling Trapped

Being stuck in a situation against your will is very anger-provoking.

How to deal with anger

Count to 10

Simply counting to 10 when you feel anger rising up gives your brain a chance to calm down before you react.

Deep Breathing

Taking long, deep breaths triggers relaxation and counters anger.

Take a Walk

Removing yourself from the anger triggers allows you the distance to cool down.

Relax Muscles

Notice muscle tension and intentionally relax those areas.

Listen to Music

Soothing music engages the calm centers of the brain.

Step Away

By taking some time to step away from whatever or whoever is making you angry, you will be able to react rationally rather than emotionally.

Benefits of Managing Anger


Learning to manage anger leads to higher overall happiness.

Healthier Life

Letting go of anger reduces stress and improves physical health.


Don’t Let Anger Control You

So don’t let anger ruin your day – learn to recognize anger triggers and implement some anger management techniques and you will be on your way to a happier, healthier life.


AngerKey Points
What is Anger?– Natural emotion
– Secondary emotion
– reaction to others 
– Caused by lack of control
Effects of Anger– Weakens immune system
– Increases heart risk
– Worsens anxiety/depression
– Relapse trigger
Common Triggers– Injustice 
– Disrespect  
– Blame 
– Feeling trapped
Managing Anger– Count to 10  
– Deep breathing  
– Take a walk  
– Relax muscles 
– Listen to music
– Step away
Benefits– Increased happiness
– Improved health


What are some relaxation techniques for anger?

Some effective relaxation techniques include deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, guided imagery, and mindfulness meditation. These can counteract the stressed fight-or-flight state.

Is anger always irrational?

No. Sometimes anger is a healthy, natural response to injustice, abuse, or harm. The key is expressing anger appropriately versus suppressing or acting out.

Can anger lead to depression?

Yes. Chronic anger and hostility have been strongly linked to developing depressive symptoms over time. Managing anger is key to maintaining mental health.

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